In recent years, expanding globalization and advances in information and communication technologies (ICT) have brought about great engagement, creation of web-based professional, social and political networks, advocacy initiatives and creating major changes in the nature of relationships between the Diasporas and their countries of origin. Given the varying reasons for migration and why and how homelands wish to engage with their diaspora, the range of diaspora strategy and instruments vary markedly between different diaspora groups.
This paper seeks to explore how diaspora groups have formulated and implemented their diaspora strategies given the socio economic and geopolitical background and circumstances. It will compare the strategy and instruments of Indian diaspora with Chinese Diaspora and other Diasporas.
In particular, the paper will focus on issues such as capacity building, networking, philanthropy, social and cultural activities and business networks, remittances, etc while analyzing the diaspora strategy and vision for 2030. Diasporas have to network aggressively to shape the agenda, influence policies, and mobilize the resources to bring about differences to their lives and the lives of their counterparts in regions of origin.
The paper will bring up the best practices of different Diaspora groups and provide a roadmap for 2030. The paper proposes that for vision 2030, Diasporas need to have a bottom up approach to enable them to share ideas, learning, resources and strategies with fellow Diasporas and migrants.