China and India are the two most populous countries, accounting for 20.4% and 17.0% of the world’s population. Although they are still developing countries with per capita incomes of just $1,740 and $720 (2005), they already are the fourth and eleventh largest economies in the world at nominal exchange rates.
China and India are among the world’s oldest civilizations, stretching back three to four millennia. In the past 25 years China and India have been rapidly increasing their share of global gross domestic product (GDP). To a large extent it is because they are tapping into global knowledge and integrating themselves more into to the global economy. They are re-emerging as major global players.
Chinese and Indian Diaspora accounts for the world’s first and second largest Diasporas across the globe with approximately 46 million and 31.2 million respectively. Economic and religious concerns have historically been the major factors driving Chinese people abroad.
Over the years, the diasporic populations have become an increasingly important factor in international politics. With the remarkable growth in last the 15 years, China and India have the potential to become a modern, harmonious, and creative society by 2030. Therefore, my paper will try to trace the historic roots of leadership of China and India and their Diaspora vision 2030.