Varmam Science is the momentous branch of Siddha Medical system still in practice in Southern parts of Tamil Nadu, especially in Kanya Kumari and in Southern parts of Kerala. The systematic study of Varmam energy in the application of martial arts and therapeutic usage is referred to as Varmakalai. This medical science has been developed by Tamil Siddhas from ancient times and transferred to generations through oral tradition, palm leaf and paper manuscripts and presently available as printed books.
Varmam points are bioenergetic sites through which subtle vital energy flows and aid physiological functions of the body. These points are located at the confluence of nerves, naadis, muscle and bones.
This review brings out the history, classification of Varmam, physiological action and pathological aspects of Varmam, its relation with bio-energy transmitter pathways (naadi), angular energy connections (Kona nilai) and the application of this art in therapeutics. It plays a promising role in resuscitating a person from unconscious state, instant pain management in neuromusculo-skeletal diseases and also in other ailments.