Siddha system of medicine is the oldest documented medical system in the world. Refractive error is one of the most common ocular condition affecting all age groups. Worldwide, uncorrected refractive error is the leading cause of vision impairment and the second leading cause of blindness in developing countries including India. Globally it is estimated that 153 million people over 5 years of age are visually impaired as the result of uncorrected refractive errors. India and China account approximately for 50% of global vision impairment.
This paper explains about the causes of eyesight problems mentioned by Siddhars like Agathiyar, Theraiyar and Thirumoolar in various siddha literature and it touches on compiled information from various siddha textbooks, Varmam literature and many research articles.
The main goal of this work reveals the recovery of refractive errors through Varmam based on kaanthari nadi and pingalai nadi, some external therapies, internal medication along with traditional regular habits. It also paves a way for general well-being.Keywords: Mai, puravadai kayiru, refractive errors, Varmam treatment. Email ID: firstname.lastname@example.org.